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Everything you need to know about inflammation


Everything you need to know about inflammation


Inflammation is your body’s way of protecting itself from infection, illness, or injury.

As part of the inflammatory response, your body increases its production of white blood cells, immune cells, and substances called cytokines that help fight infection.

We can distinguish inflammation in two main categories: short- and long-term inflammation.

Classic signs of acute (short-term) inflammation include redness, pain, heat, and swelling.

On the other hand, chronic (long-term) inflammation often occurs inside your body without any noticeable symptoms. This type of inflammation can drive illnesses like diabetes, heart disease, fatty liver disease, and cancer. 

Chronic inflammation can also happen when people are obese or under stress  

When doctors look for inflammation, they test for a few markers in your blood, including C-reactive protein (CRP), homocysteine, TNF alpha, and IL-6.

Causes of inflammation widely vary according to different factors, especially habitual ones.

For example, consuming high amounts of sugar and high-fructose corn syrup is particularly harmful. It can lead to insulin resistance, diabetes, and obesity. 

What’s more, eating processed and packaged foods that contain trans fats has been shown to promote inflammation and damage the endothelial cells that line your arteries.

Vegetable oils used in many processed foods are another possible culprit. Regular consumption may result in an imbalance of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, promoting inflammation. 

Excessive intake of alcohol and processed meat can also have inflammatory effects on your body. 

Additionally, but not less important, an inactive lifestyle that includes a lot of sitting is a major non-dietary factor that can promote inflammation.

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